Emergence is a concept which says that complex behavior can come from simple rules that u might now expect… This is true both for capitalist and socialist rule sets. They may sound good but be detrimental, or vice versa.
The idea of exchange based on money can seem harmless, but it has weird systemic things that happen. The Adams Smith invisible hand is an example of emergence. But its not the only thing that emerges. If people are owed money, their debt increases exponentially. This can unbalance the system dramatically. Some people can own 10,000 times more money than someone else. Sometimes without working, just collecting debt. This extra money they have allows them to change the incentive structure of the whole system, since money is what incentivizes the system. So you have a few people controlling the incentive structure of the whole system. And because these people have shadow sides, it plays out on a global level their shadow sides in the global incentive structure. Whole industrial complexes can arise out of incentive structures.
Heres an example of capitalism taking into account emergent effects. Lets call simple capitalism which just has Adam Smith invisible hand emergence. And complex capitalism which takes into account the second order effect of rich people being able to set incentive structures. In simple capitalism the consumer would choose between pharmaceuticals and herbal medicine. Over time the better one would win out. However in complex capitalism, people with more money can find they can make more money with pharmaceuticals since they can be owned and patented as they are synthetic unlike naturally found herbal medicines. This then leads to those rich people/companies setting incentive structures that cause doctors and researchers to skew towards offering pharmaceuticals more. Supply and demand causes prices to skyrocket since demand is great if you might die. Over time a medical industrial complex establishes itself that is self-reinforcing. Its an emergent property of complex capitalism.
Socialist rule sets can also have weird emergent properties. They may sound good at first but lead to unhealthy behavior. And vice versa. They key is to figure out which regulations and policies and aid lead to healthy emergent properties.
(*note: The question of which is better western medicine or alternative holistic medicine is a separate question. The point of this argument is to show that a capitalism system can lead to the one with patentable processes becoming entrenched)